By Anselmo Schubert. Type of airline. Published at Sunday, March 24th, 2019 - 06:08:41 AM.
The intense nature of airfare pricing has led to the term fare war to describe efforts by airlines to undercut other airlines on competitive routes. Through computers new airfares can be published quickly and efficiently to the airlines sales channels. For this purpose the airlines use the Airline Tariff Publishing Company (ATPCO) who distribute latest fares for more than 500 airlines to Computer Reservation Systems across the world.
Airlines assign prices to their services in an attempt to maximize profitability. The pricing of airline tickets has become increasingly complicated over the years and is now largely determined by computerized yield management systems.
In the context of climate change and peak oil there is a debate about possible taxation of air travel and the inclusion of aviation in an emissions trading scheme with a view to ensuring that the total external costs of aviation are taken into account.
Groups such as the International Civil Aviation Organization establish worldwide standards for safety and other vital concerns. Most international air traffic is regulated by bilateral agreements between countries which designate specific carriers to operate on specific routes. The model of such an agreement was the Bermuda Agreement between the US and UK following World War II which designated airports to be used for transatlantic flights and gave each government the authority to nominate carriers to operate routes.
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