Published at Monday, March 25th, 2019 - 05:52:57 AM. Type of airline. By Adelbert Scholz.
A more recent development is the airline alliance which became prevalent in the late 1990s. These alliances can act as virtual mergers to get around government restrictions. Alliances of airlines such as Star Alliance Oneworld and SkyTeam coordinate their passenger service programs (such as lounges and frequent-flyer programs) offer special interline tickets and often engage in extensive codesharing (sometimes systemwide). These are increasingly integrated business combinations—sometimes including cross-equity arrangements—in which products service standards schedules and airport facilities are standardized and combined for higher efficiency. One of the first airlines to start an alliance with another airline was KLM who partnered with Northwest Airlines. Both airlines later entered the SkyTeam alliance after the fusion of KLM and Air France in 2004.
The advent of advanced computerized reservations systems in the late 1970s most notably Sabre allowed airlines to easily perform cost-benefit analyses on different pricing structures leading to almost perfect price discrimination in some cases (that is filling each seat on an aircraft at the highest price that can be charged without driving the consumer elsewhere).
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