Published at Monday, March 25th, 2019 - 05:56:14 AM. Type of airline. By Adelbert Scholz.
A second financial issue is that of hedging oil and fuel purchases which are usually second only to labor in its relative cost to the company. However with the current high fuel prices it has become the largest cost to an airline. Legacy airlines compared with new entrants have been hit harder by rising fuel prices partly due to the running of older less fuel efficient aircraft. 44 While hedging instruments can be expensive they can easily pay for themselves many times over in periods of increasing fuel costs such as in the 2000–2005 period.
Groups such as the International Civil Aviation Organization establish worldwide standards for safety and other vital concerns. Most international air traffic is regulated by bilateral agreements between countries which designate specific carriers to operate on specific routes. The model of such an agreement was the Bermuda Agreement between the US and UK following World War II which designated airports to be used for transatlantic flights and gave each government the authority to nominate carriers to operate routes.
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