Published at Friday, April 05th, 2019 - 01:59:06 AM. Type of airline. By Albertyne Peters.
Major airlines dominated their routes through aggressive pricing and additional capacity offerings often swamping new start-ups. In the place of high barriers to entry imposed by regulation the major airlines implemented an equally high barrier called loss leader pricing. 37 In this strategy an already established and dominant airline stomps out its competition by lowering airfares on specific routes below the cost of operating on it choking out any chance a start-up airline may have. The industry side effect is an overall drop in revenue and service quality. 38 Since deregulation in 1978 the average domestic ticket price has dropped by 40%. 39 So has airline employee pay. By incurring massive losses the airlines of the USA now rely upon a scourge of cyclical Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings to continue doing business. 40 America West Airlines (which has since merged with US Airways) remained a significant survivor from this new entrant era as dozens even hundreds have gone under.
One argument is that positive externalities such as higher growth due to global mobility outweigh the microeconomic losses and justify continuing government intervention. A historically high level of government intervention in the airline industry can be seen as part of a wider political consensus on strategic forms of transport such as highways and railways both of which receive public funding in most parts of the world. Although many countries continue to operate state-owned or parastatal airlines many large airlines today are privately owned and are therefore governed by microeconomic principles to maximize shareholder profit.
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