Published at Friday, April 05th, 2019 - 02:13:18 AM. Type of airline. By Albertyne Peters.
Increasingly since 1978 US airlines have been reincorporated and spun off by newly created and internally led management companies and thus becoming nothing more than operating units and subsidiaries with limited financially decisive control. Among some of these holding companies and parent companies which are relatively well known are the UAL Corporation along with the AMR Corporation among a long list of airline holding companies sometime recognized worldwide. Less recognized are the private equity firms which often seize managerial financial and board of directors control of distressed airline companies by temporarily investing large sums of capital in air carriers to rescheme an airlines assets into a profitable organization or liquidating an air carrier of their profitable and worthwhile routes and business operations.
A more recent development is the airline alliance which became prevalent in the late 1990s. These alliances can act as virtual mergers to get around government restrictions. Alliances of airlines such as Star Alliance Oneworld and SkyTeam coordinate their passenger service programs (such as lounges and frequent-flyer programs) offer special interline tickets and often engage in extensive codesharing (sometimes systemwide). These are increasingly integrated business combinations—sometimes including cross-equity arrangements—in which products service standards schedules and airport facilities are standardized and combined for higher efficiency. One of the first airlines to start an alliance with another airline was KLM who partnered with Northwest Airlines. Both airlines later entered the SkyTeam alliance after the fusion of KLM and Air France in 2004.
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