By Adelbert Scholz. Type of airline. Published at Monday, March 25th, 2019 - 08:40:31 AM.
In recognition of the essential national economic role of a healthy aviation system Congress authorized partial compensation of up to $5 billion in cash subject to review by the U.S. Department of Transportation and up to $10 billion in loan guarantees subject to review by a newly created Air Transportation Stabilization Board (ATSB). The applications to DOT for reimbursements were subjected to rigorous multi-year reviews not only by DOT program personnel but also by the Government Accountability Office 45 and the DOT Inspector General. 46 47
A second financial issue is that of hedging oil and fuel purchases which are usually second only to labor in its relative cost to the company. However with the current high fuel prices it has become the largest cost to an airline. Legacy airlines compared with new entrants have been hit harder by rising fuel prices partly due to the running of older less fuel efficient aircraft. 44 While hedging instruments can be expensive they can easily pay for themselves many times over in periods of increasing fuel costs such as in the 2000–2005 period.
Computers also allow airlines to predict with some accuracy how many passengers will actually fly after making a reservation to fly. This allows airlines to overbook their flights enough to fill the aircraft while accounting for no-shows but not enough (in most cases) to force paying passengers off the aircraft for lack of seats stimulative pricing for low demand flights coupled with overbooking on high demand flights can help reduce this figure. This is especially crucial during tough economic times as airlines undertake massive cuts to ticket prices to retain demand. 64
Airlines assign prices to their services in an attempt to maximize profitability. The pricing of airline tickets has become increasingly complicated over the years and is now largely determined by computerized yield management systems.
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