Published at Thursday, March 28th, 2019 - 04:18:06 AM. Type of airline. By Amet Franke.
A second financial issue is that of hedging oil and fuel purchases which are usually second only to labor in its relative cost to the company. However with the current high fuel prices it has become the largest cost to an airline. Legacy airlines compared with new entrants have been hit harder by rising fuel prices partly due to the running of older less fuel efficient aircraft. 44 While hedging instruments can be expensive they can easily pay for themselves many times over in periods of increasing fuel costs such as in the 2000–2005 period.
A more recent development is the airline alliance which became prevalent in the late 1990s. These alliances can act as virtual mergers to get around government restrictions. Alliances of airlines such as Star Alliance Oneworld and SkyTeam coordinate their passenger service programs (such as lounges and frequent-flyer programs) offer special interline tickets and often engage in extensive codesharing (sometimes systemwide). These are increasingly integrated business combinations—sometimes including cross-equity arrangements—in which products service standards schedules and airport facilities are standardized and combined for higher efficiency. One of the first airlines to start an alliance with another airline was KLM who partnered with Northwest Airlines. Both airlines later entered the SkyTeam alliance after the fusion of KLM and Air France in 2004.
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