By Amet Franke. Type of airline. Published at Friday, March 22nd, 2019 - 17:39:37 PM.
In view of the congestion apparent at many international airports the ownership of slots at certain airports (the right to take-off or land an aircraft at a particular time of day or night) has become a significant tradable asset for many airlines. Clearly take-off slots at popular times of the day can be critical in attracting the more profitable business traveler to a given airline s flight and in establishing a competitive advantage against a competing airline.
Although US airline deregulation was initially envisioned as leading to an increased number of carriers whose divergent service concepts market segments fleets and route structures would have produced new competition stimulated traffic and lowered fares it ultimately came full cycle and only resulted in virtual monopoly. Three distinct stages occurred during its evolution.
One argument is that positive externalities such as higher growth due to global mobility outweigh the microeconomic losses and justify continuing government intervention. A historically high level of government intervention in the airline industry can be seen as part of a wider political consensus on strategic forms of transport such as highways and railways both of which receive public funding in most parts of the world. Although many countries continue to operate state-owned or parastatal airlines many large airlines today are privately owned and are therefore governed by microeconomic principles to maximize shareholder profit.
In the 1990s open skies agreements became more common. These agreements take many of these regulatory powers from state governments and open up international routes to further competition. Open skies agreements have met some criticism particularly within the European Union whose airlines would be at a comparative disadvantage with the United States because of cabotage restrictions.
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