The intense nature of airfare pricing has led to the term fare war to describe efforts by airlines to undercut other airlines on competitive routes. Through computers new airfares can be published quickly and efficiently to the airlines sales channels. For this purpose the airlines use
Most airlines use differentiated pricing a form of price discrimination to sell air services at varying prices simultaneously to different segments. Factors influencing the price include the days remaining until departure the booked load factor the forecast of total demand by price point competitive pricing
Increasingly since 1978 US airlines have been reincorporated and spun off by newly created and internally led management companies and thus becoming nothing more than operating units and subsidiaries with limited financially decisive control. Among some of these holding companies and parent companies which are relatively well known
Toward the end of the century a new style of low cost airline emerged offering a no-frills product at a lower price. Southwest Airlines JetBlue AirTran Airways Skybus Airlines and other low-cost carriers began to represent a serious challenge to the so-called legacy airlines
A glimpse of the future could already be had in California and Texas. Devoid of jurisdiction over local air transportation the CAB could neither exercise fare nor route authority over intrastate airlines and these carriers usually offering high-frequency single-class no-frills service at half the fares the
Those considering how best to guarantee security to the general flying public should reject the premise that airline security can be guaranteed by the screening of the entire flying population to identify potential terrorists and prevent them from boarding an airplane. This premise needs to be replaced with a new
By the 1980s almost half of the total flying in the world took place in the U.S. and today the domestic industry operates over 10 000 daily departures nationwide.
In many ways the biggest winner in the deregulated environment was the air passenger. Although not exclusively attributable to deregulation indeed the U.S. witnessed an explosive growth in demand for air travel. Many millions who had never or rarely flown before became regular fliers even joining frequent
Following the 1978 deregulation U.S. carriers did not manage to make an aggregate profit for 12 years in 31 including four years where combined losses amounted to $10 billion but rebounded with eight consecutive years of profits since 2010 including its four with over $10 billion
In the 1990s open skies agreements became more common. These agreements take many of these regulatory powers from state governments and open up international routes to further competition. Open skies agreements have met some criticism particularly within the European Union whose airlines would be at
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