Published at Tuesday, April 02nd, 2019 - 16:45:57 PM. Type of airline. By Anson Busch.
Major airlines dominated their routes through aggressive pricing and additional capacity offerings often swamping new start-ups. In the place of high barriers to entry imposed by regulation the major airlines implemented an equally high barrier called loss leader pricing. 37 In this strategy an already established and dominant airline stomps out its competition by lowering airfares on specific routes below the cost of operating on it choking out any chance a start-up airline may have. The industry side effect is an overall drop in revenue and service quality. 38 Since deregulation in 1978 the average domestic ticket price has dropped by 40%. 39 So has airline employee pay. By incurring massive losses the airlines of the USA now rely upon a scourge of cyclical Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings to continue doing business. 40 America West Airlines (which has since merged with US Airways) remained a significant survivor from this new entrant era as dozens even hundreds have gone under.
Airline financing is quite complex since airlines are highly leveraged operations. Not only must they purchase (or lease) new airliner bodies and engines regularly they must make major long-term fleet decisions with the goal of meeting the demands of their markets while producing a fleet that is relatively economical to operate and maintain; comparably Southwest Airlines and their reliance on a single airplane type (the Boeing 737 and derivatives) with the now defunct Eastern Air Lines which operated 17 different aircraft types each with varying pilot engine maintenance and support needs.
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