Published at Sunday, March 24th, 2019 - 10:28:08 AM. Type of airline. By Adriane Lorenz.
Ultimately the federal government provided $4.6 billion in one-time subject-to-income-tax cash payments to 427 U.S. air carriers with no provision for repayment essentially a gift from the taxpayers. (Passenger carriers operating scheduled service received approximately $4 billion subject to tax.) 48 In addition the ATSB approved loan guarantees to six airlines totaling approximately $1.6 billion. Data from the U.S. Treasury Department show that the government recouped the $1.6 billion and a profit of $339 million from the fees interest and purchase of discounted airline stock associated with loan guarantees.
Major airlines dominated their routes through aggressive pricing and additional capacity offerings often swamping new start-ups. In the place of high barriers to entry imposed by regulation the major airlines implemented an equally high barrier called loss leader pricing. 37 In this strategy an already established and dominant airline stomps out its competition by lowering airfares on specific routes below the cost of operating on it choking out any chance a start-up airline may have. The industry side effect is an overall drop in revenue and service quality. 38 Since deregulation in 1978 the average domestic ticket price has dropped by 40%. 39 So has airline employee pay. By incurring massive losses the airlines of the USA now rely upon a scourge of cyclical Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings to continue doing business. 40 America West Airlines (which has since merged with US Airways) remained a significant survivor from this new entrant era as dozens even hundreds have gone under.
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