By Adelinda Simon. type of ships. Published at Tuesday, April 16th, 2019 - 14:26:30 PM.
In contrast dedicated transport-oriented ocean liners do line voyages and typically transport passengers from one point to another rather than on round trips. Traditionally shipping lines build liners for the transoceanic trade to a higher standard than that of a typical cruise ship including higher freeboard and stronger plating to withstand rough seas and adverse conditions encountered in the open ocean such as the North Atlantic. Ocean liners also usually have larger capacities for fuel food and other stores for consumption on long voyages compared to dedicated cruise-ships but few ocean liners remain in existence—note the preserved liners and Queen Mary 2 which make scheduled North Atlantic voyages.
Some cruise lines have specialties for example Saga Cruises only allows passengers over 50 years old aboard their ships and Star Clippers and formerly Windjammer Barefoot Cruises and Windstar Cruises only operate tall ships. Regent Seven Seas Cruises operates medium-sized vessels—smaller than the megaships of Carnival and Royal Caribbean—designed such that 90% of their suites are balconies. Several specialty lines offer expedition cruising or only operate small ships visiting certain destinations such as the Arctic and Antarctica or the Galápagos Islands. John W. Brown which formerly operated as part of the United States Merchant Marine during World War II before being converted to a museum ship still gets underway several times a year for six-hour Living History Cruises that take the ship through Baltimore Harbor down the Patapsco River and into the Chesapeake Bay and she is also the largest cruise ship operating under the American flag on the United States East Coast.
Besides the dining room modern cruise ships often contain one or more casual buffet-style eateries which may be open 24 hours and with menus that vary throughout the day to provide meals ranging from breakfast to late-night snacks. In recent years cruise lines have started to include a diverse range of ethnically themed restaurants aboard each ship. Ships also feature numerous bars and nightclubs for passenger entertainment the majority of cruise lines do not include alcoholic beverages in their fares and passengers are expected to pay for drinks as they consume them. Most cruise lines also prohibit passengers from bringing aboard and consuming their own beverages including alcohol while aboard. Alcohol purchased duty-free is sealed and returned to passengers when they debark.
There are no paid vacations or pensions for service non-management crew depending on the level of the position and the type of the contract. Non-service and management crew members get paid vacation medical retirement options and can participate in the companys group insurance plan.
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