By Adelle Jäger. Type of airline. Published at Sunday, March 24th, 2019 - 06:07:51 AM.
Undaunted Delta ultimately resorted to acquiring the regional carrier and subsequently received approval for the merger on April 24 1972. But these extremes would shortly no longer be needed.
Congress passed the Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act (P.L. 107-42) in response to a severe liquidity crisis facing the already-troubled airline industry in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attacks. Through the ATSB Congress sought to provide cash infusions to carriers for both the cost of the four-day federal shutdown of the airlines and the incremental losses incurred through December 31 2001 as a result of the terrorist attacks. This resulted in the first government bailout of the 21st century. 43 Between 2000 and 2005 US airlines lost $30 billion with wage cuts of over $15 billion and 100 000 employees laid off. 44
Ultimately the federal government provided $4.6 billion in one-time subject-to-income-tax cash payments to 427 U.S. air carriers with no provision for repayment essentially a gift from the taxpayers. (Passenger carriers operating scheduled service received approximately $4 billion subject to tax.) 48 In addition the ATSB approved loan guarantees to six airlines totaling approximately $1.6 billion. Data from the U.S. Treasury Department show that the government recouped the $1.6 billion and a profit of $339 million from the fees interest and purchase of discounted airline stock associated with loan guarantees.
As in many mature industries consolidation is a trend. Airline groupings may consist of limited bilateral partnerships long-term multi-faceted alliances between carriers equity arrangements mergers or takeovers. Since governments often restrict ownership and merger between companies in different countries most consolidation takes place within a country. In the U.S. over 200 airlines have merged been taken over or gone out of business since deregulation in 1978. Many international airline managers are lobbying their governments to permit greater consolidation to achieve higher economy and efficiency.
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