Published at Tuesday, March 19th, 2019 - 17:50:04 PM. Type of airline. By Adelle Jäger.
As in many mature industries consolidation is a trend. Airline groupings may consist of limited bilateral partnerships long-term multi-faceted alliances between carriers equity arrangements mergers or takeovers. Since governments often restrict ownership and merger between companies in different countries most consolidation takes place within a country. In the U.S. over 200 airlines have merged been taken over or gone out of business since deregulation in 1978. Many international airline managers are lobbying their governments to permit greater consolidation to achieve higher economy and efficiency.
Codesharing is the most common type of airline partnership; it involves one airline selling tickets for another airline s flights under its own airline code. An early example of this was Japan Airlines (JAL) codesharing partnership with Aeroflot in the 1960s on Tokyo–Moscow flights; Aeroflot operated the flights using Aeroflot aircraft but JAL sold tickets for the flights as if they were JAL flights. This practice allows airlines to expand their operations at least on paper into parts of the world where they cannot afford to establish bases or purchase aircraft. Another example was the Austrian–Sabena partnership on the Vienna–Brussels–New York/JFK route during the late 60s using a Sabena Boeing 707 with Austrian livery.
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